Landscape Penjing – Three Ways to Attach a Tree to a Rock

Sep 2nd, 2010 | By | Category: Style

In Lingnan Penjing, there are three main ways to attach a tree to a rock for landscape penjing.

  • Root-Attaching (附根)
  • Stem-Attaching (附莖)
  • Ride-on-Rock (騎石, similar to Sekijoju)

Since the first day I learned landscape penjing, I have been told that root-attaching method is the most challenging, yet, yields the most spectacular scenery in landscape penjing. And while stem-attaching comes second, ride-on-rock method comes last. Indeed, Teacher Wong tells us not to use ride-on-rock method, but encourages us to use root-attaching method and stem-attaching method when making our landscape penjing.

Root-Attaching (附根) and Stem-Attaching (附莖)

Root-Attaching is a method in which the roots of the bonsai tree grows along and attaches to the cracks of the rocks. The roots attach onto the rock firmly enough and can hold up the tree strongly on the rock. Root-Attaching method needs a small tree with very long roots to begin with. If there is no small tree with long roots on hand, we will retreat to using stem-attaching method which attach the stem on the rock while allowing the roots to grow in the soil of the bonsai pot.

Landscape Penjing - Rock Bonsai Landscape Bonsai

Ride-on-Rock (騎石, similar to Sekijoju)

Similar to Japanese bonsai’s Sekijoju, ride-on-rock is a method in which the bonsai tree grows on top of the rock, and the roots of the tree wraps around a rock. The rock is the base of the trunk, with the roots exposed to different angles as they traverse the rock and then descend into the soil below.

Landscape Penjing - Rock Bonsai Landscape Penjing - Rock Bonsai

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